Radios and broadcast:

Radios and speaker
The "broadcast game"
Broadcast history
Equipment advertising (1932-1940)

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A German radio program prevue of November 29th, 1932   (Link at image)

Listen to:
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Hallo, hallo, hier Radio !

Radios and speaker:

HORNY(*) PHON Super Prince (Austria)
Wood case with root wood veneer and bakelite buttons

(early 30s)

(*) I think the Austrians didn't consider the meaning of the word in English !

Wall speaker 

Wood case with fretwork

(early 30s)


Belgian (?) radio set with black lacquered wood case and bakelite buttons

("Own structure ", as usually in this time. The electrical equipment could be ordered, the rest was self made).

(mid 30s)

Ground speaker, 
also "own structure"


VE 301
The first German "peoples receiver" of 1933
Bakelite case

(the name ""301" is a hidden allusion for the date of the seizure of power for the Nazionalsozialisten, the 30th of January, 1933.)

The relatively new medium broadcast could be used excellently for propaganda purposes. Therefore every "national comrade" should come to the pleasure of an own receiver. These cheap equipments could be found in many German households.

Listen to a "ghostly voice":
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The superimpositions over the Reich-broadcast by anti-war-propagandas (described in the peoples mouth as "ghostly voices") were produced by resistance groups during World War II with secret jammers.
Listen to a short air-raid message
(in German): 
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Voice: "Attention - There are no enemy bomber over the Reich."
SONDYNA radio (Switzerland) with "magical eye"

(late 30s)

Case: wood and bakelit


Small and compact radio "TESLA" (Czechoslovakia)

Streamlined bakelite case

(early 50s)


The "braodcast game":

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The "broadcast game" extols the advantages of the broadcast.
  about 1936
German instructions and playing surface (Link at image - self extracting .exe-file  237 KB)

Listen to Johannes Heesters:
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Mein Herz müßte ein Rundfunksender sein
(If my heart could be a radio transmitter)

A brief German braodcast history:

With the opening of the medium waveband transmitter of the Reichspost (German mail service) in Berlin in 1923 the official history of the broadcast in Germany started . The broadcast developed into mass media quite soon. The self making of equipments was usual in the time of the beginning radio fever for which the industry provided radio kits. The commercial sale of valve receivers started first in the middle of the twenties. The engineering became more polished and the equipments got more comfortably within the 30s. The power supply unit gained acceptance, receiver and loudspeaker were partly put in a common case. There already was a short wave reception, decline compensation, new dial drives and scale styling and in the middle of the thirties a fine tuning control for the "magical eye" .

After the seizure of power in 1933 the national socialists took advantage of the broadcast to the heavy distribution of her propaganda. To this the radio transmitter combined to one Reichssender (empire transmitter) and her programs were taken ideologically to the "right line". To reach as many population layers as possible, so-called "community products"  were developed by all manufacturers in the same way to produce the "Volksempaenger VE 301" which was offered at reasonable prices. The types 301W (alternating current in bakelite case) and 301G (direct current in wood case) both for 65,- RM (Reichs-Mark) and the B model (battery operation in wood case) for 76,- RM (always including the tubes). Installment payment was possible. The storekeeper provided a VE (Volks-Empfaenger) moneybox for this. 

Due to his propaganda effectiveness the broadcast became an essential instrument which should support the military warfare during war. Special foreign countries programs had the task of weakening the "moral and willpower of the enemy population".  On the other hand they tried to motivate the own population and keep the soldiers in a good mood. With the start of war the reception of foreign transmitters had been forbidden by the national socialists because they also sent German-speaking propaganda over to the Reich. Because of the always more clearly untrue reports of the national socialist the informations of the foreign transmitters became more attractive. Despite death penalty they were often heard.

Listen to "Tran" und "Helle":
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NS-Propaganda against listening to foreign radio stations (in German)

After the war the reconstruction of the German broadcast started under allied control. In 1949 the broadcast came back under German administration again.


Examples of German radio
equipment advertising:

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